Socrates argues that the soul cannot be destroyed by its particular evil, as other things are, since death does not make one more unjust death is not an evil, so it cannot destroy the soul the soul then is immortal. In socrates' discussions, he argues that the soul is immortal and that there is an afterlife for our souls following our deaths this is one of the main themes in the phaedo socrates provides four different arguments for the soul's immortality. How does the idea that learning is 'recollection' augment the belief that the soul is immortal (72e-73b) and what is the argument that attempts to show this (73c-76e) all learning is recollection we can be be reminded of one thing by being concious of another. If a thing can be destroyed by its own particular evil (and only that), and if the soul cannot be destroyed by its own particular evil (injustice), then the soul must be immortal analysis socrates at this point employs a series of if-then arguments (enthymemes) which he builds sequentially to argue a form of argument termed a sorites. Plato uses the drama of socrates' impending death to present four arguments for the immortality of the soul plato has his interlocutor cebes comment that the belief in an immortal human soul that lives on after death is uncommon and incredible.
The soul, socrates continues, cannot be purely known otherwise than through the faculty of reason analysis: book x the argument presented against poetic. -plato defends that the soul is immortal and eternal and reincarnates eternally in an endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth -plato believes there are 2 realms of existence -philosophy is a training for death. Socrates' second argument (pp 120-128) is based on his theory of recollection that theory was an explanation of how we can come to know the kinds of things that we can one way to see the motivation for this theory is via the 'paradox of inquiry'. That socrates calls a 'soul' and takes to be immortal for in the final argument socrates will soul the soul and immortality in the phaedo.
Socrates provides four arguments for believing the soul is immortal he bases the first, known as the argument from opposites, on the observation that everything comes to be from out of its opposite for example, a tall man can become tall only if he was short previously. The main text of the dialogue is socrates' analysis of crito's arguments why he should escape from prison one of crito's argument that he and socrates. This was socrates' final argument that the soul is immortal if our essence dissolves at death, the thinking goes, there is no ultimate justice in the cosmos and anything is permissible, as dostoevsky indicated, whether or not he used those exact words. Returning again to the prison scene, socrates now uses this as the basis of a fourth argument that the soul is immortal one may reconstruct this argument as follows: 1.
Even on his last day of existence, socrates did not surrender his exploration of the nature of the soul using the socratic method and the recollection argument, he cleverly proved that the soul exists before birth and that it is immortal. Phaedo, plato relates socrates' final teachings before he goes to his death, including socrates' arguments for the existence of an eternal, immortal human soul. According to the last line of argument that socrates offers in the phaedo, the soul is immortal because it has life essentially, the way fire has heat essentially it is plain that both of these arguments apply to the souls of all living things, including plants (cf 70d, 71d.
A topic of socrates that many will continue to discuss is the idea of an immortal soul although there are various works and dialogues about this topic it is found to be best explained in the phaedo. On the contrary socrates believes that the soul is in fact immortal and if one wants to become free of pain they way to do so is to exempt themselves from the physical pleasures of the world in this dialogue socrates and the philosophers explore several arguments for this idea of an immortal soul. Even in his last days socrates was in pursuit of knowledge, he presents theories to strengthen his argument that the soul is immortal his attempts to argue his point can't necessarily be considered as convincing evidence to support the existence of an immortal soul.
Socrates notes, almost in passing that the soul is immortal glaucon, evidently tiring of being agreeable, makes him attempt to prove it socrates notes that bad is what destroys and corrupts, and the good is what preserves and benefits. Summary and analysis phaedo it seems to him that the argument socrates has used about the soul could be applied with equal force to the harmony produced on a lyre. One of the main themes in the phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal in the dialogue, socrates discusses the nature of cyclical argument and socrates.